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Erin Griffith

A lot of dialogue about Dan Mosley, who was a lawyer at Cravath. Some paperwork had been emailed by way of private Gmail accounts, Peterson stated, as a result of “We didn’t know what his position was in all of this. We didn’t need to get him in hassle.”

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Erin Griffith

Lance Wade (Holmes’s lawyer) just isn’t taking part in good with Peterson, grilling her on whether or not the DeVos household really ever learn her memos and her previous feedback beneath oath in depositions about that reality.

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Erin Griffith

That is an fascinating malicious program to play the jury movies that clearly and succinctly summarize what we have now discovered to this point about Theranos’s issues and in addition displaying Holmes saying the buck stops along with her – “I’m the founder and CEO of this firm.”

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Erin Griffith

Decide Davila has overruled objections to taking part in clips of Holmes on Mad Cash and we’re watching the half the place she says “That is what occurs if you work to alter issues. First they assume you’re loopy, then they combat you, then you definately change the world.”

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Erin Griffith

We’re Theranos’s income projections, together with that daring $990m for 2015 (with a $230m revenue). Peterson stated she didn’t know that Theranos had zero income in 2013 and 2012.

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Erin Griffith

Recall {that a} Pfizer exec testified it had nothing to do with that validation report. It by no means validated Theranos’s tech. However Theranos put its brand on the report and confirmed it to buyers.

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Erin Griffith

Prosecution exhibits Peterson the falsified validation report we have now heard a lot about. “Did you imagine this report as ready by Pfizer?” “Sure.” Peterson says that endorsement was a giant consider investing.

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Erin Griffith

A well-recognized rundown of Theranos claims to buyers. Its expertise had been “comprehensively validated over the course of the final 7 years by 10 of the 15 largest pharmaceutical corporations” and subjected to proficiency testing and audits from regulatory businesses.

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Erin Griffith

We see a memo that hits this level once more, stating that Theranos’s objective was to seek out buyers “with much less emphasis on liquidity and extra emphasis on long run capital appreciation.”

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Erin Griffith

“She was hand choosing 5-6 non-public households to spend money on her firm. … She was inviting us to take part on this alternative.” Peterson says Holmes didn’t need massive PE companies/institutional buyers b/c they needed Theranos to go public and she or he needed to remain non-public.

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Erin Griffith

Fascinating level about energy dynamics of investing in excessive danger startup unicorns: “Did you’re feeling like Theranos was deciding on you as an investor?” Peterson: “Very a lot so.”

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Erin Griffith

When Peterson’s workforce requested Holmes concerning the dangers of investing in Theranos, she stated the chance was within the “execution” of the Walgreens rollout. Was there a dialogue of expertise danger? Peterson says no.

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Erin Griffith

We see an e mail from Jerry Tubergen, C.E.O. of RDV, to colleagues. He connected the notorious Fortune cowl story, writing “This morning I had probably the most fascinating conferences I can recall with the ladies profiled within the connected Fortune journal article.”

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Erin Griffith

Lisa Peterson has taken the stand and defined her position at RDV Company, the household workplace of the DeVos’s. She manages their PE fund investments and co-investments.

She requested to work on the Theranos deal bc she’d had some healthcare investing expertise.

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Erin Griffith

For sure that is extraordinarily nerve-racking for the media right here. Members of the press now policing bystanders to observe the foundations (silence telephones and many others) in order to not piss off the decide.

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Erin Griffith

(Initially the juror who finds the typing distracting ought to actually put on the listening to aids supplied by the courtroom. Second, it is a pandemic drawback. Jurors are spaced out and a few are sitting within the first rows of the viewers.)

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Erin Griffith

Ugh as soon as once more the jurors are pissed off with loud typing from the press gallery. The decide says if he will get one other grievance he’ll banish all laptops to the overflow room. A courtroom marshal goes to implement the “silent keyboard” rule (WHICH IS NOT A THING!).

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Erin Griffith

After her we are going to hear from Alan Eisenman, one other investor.

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Erin Griffith

At this time’s first witness shall be Lisa Peterson, who manages cash for the DeVos household.

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Erin Griffith

If there may be one factor Decide Davila hates its getting right into a “mini-trial” about facet points with no bearing on the problems being tried.

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Erin Griffith

🩸 Elizabeth Holmes trial, Week 8 🩸

The legal professionals are as soon as once more beginning the day by combating over proof: Prosecution desires to point out video clips of Elizabeth Holmes defending Theranos on Mad Cash and elsewhere after the WSJ expose.

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Erin Griffith

Cross-examination wrapped up. P.S. Feels like we’re going to start out doing bonus trial days on Mondays. All blood on a regular basis!! 🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉🩸💉

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Erin Griffith

Protection asks whether or not the popularity of Don Lucas, the partnership with Walgreens, its patent portfolio and its massive identify board members had been elements in his resolution to take a position. Tolbert says sure.

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Erin Griffith

The decision in query was really with Chris Lucas’s funding fund and Holmes was solely on a part of it. Protection performs part of the tape the place Lucas explains a inventory cut up that offers Holmes full management: “She has a agency grasp on the corporate — let there be no mistake.”

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Erin Griffith

In some ways this trial boils down one central rigidity which is taking part in out on this cross-examination: Had been these buyers fools who didn’t do correct diligence? Or was their diligence tainted as a result of Holmes fed them dangerous information?

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Erin Griffith

I’m unsure how properly this clip really makes the protection’s case, since she instantly says the funding cash will permit them to select up work on these tasks “in parallel.” Protection hits Tolbert for not asking following up questions after the decision.

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Erin Griffith

On cross-examination, protection replays some parts of the investor name. On this one, Holmes discusses how Theranos was pausing its work on army and pharmaceutical tasks with the intention to focus solely on the retail rollout.

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Erin Griffith

We’re now going by means of the technical means of describing how Corridor Group wired its funding cash to Theranos. That is, in any case, a wire fraud case.

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Erin Griffith

One factor talked about on the investor name which has not been addressed — Holmes famous that there have been some early buyers who had been in search of liquidity. Marvel if we are going to be taught particulars about whether or not anybody cashed out alongside the way in which and who they had been.

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Erin Griffith

Tolbert says Theranos’s purported army work was a giant a part of why he invested as a result of it spoke to a higher mission. “Theranos wasn’t nearly a chance to make cash … however to take action in a approach that was useful for tons and plenty and plenty of folks.”

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Erin Griffith

I.P.O.? Theranos has a really long-term mind-set. “We plan on doing this for the following 20-30-40-50 years.” Navy? Confidentially, it’s “a giant deal for us.” Competitors? That’s why we’re so secretive. How are costs so low? We’re remodeling the care course of, ergo financial savings.

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Erin Griffith

We take heed to an extended recording of Holmes answering questions from buyers about when the corporate will go public, whether or not it really works with the army and its competitors. Her solutions, because the Pfizer man eloquently put it, are “non-informative, tangential, deflective and evasive.”

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Erin Griffith

Within the recording, Holmes says Theranos was rising on “money from operations,” a.okay.a. profitably, since 2006. Tolbert testifies he believed the proceeds of the 2013 fund-raise could be used for retail enlargement — not R&D or tech growth.

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Erin Griffith

I forgot to tweet that one other juror bought dismissed right now for trigger. Kinda anxious I’m dangerous luck, each time I come again from lacking a couple of days of the trial, one other one bites the mud.

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Erin Griffith

In a 3rd recording, Holmes describes fund-raising — in 2013 Theranos issued shares at $75 a share, up from 82 cents a share when Corridor Group and Chris Lucas’s agency first invested in 2006.

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Erin Griffith

In a second recording, we hear Holmes describing the way in which Theranos disrupts conventional phlebotomy with its finger prick checks. Tolbert testifies that that’s the reason he invested.

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Erin Griffith

We’re going till 4 p.m. right now however I doubt we get to a few not to mention 4 witnesses. Tolbert testifies concerning the clip we simply heard and his impression of what he thought Theranos was really doing. (Blood testing machines — not a central lab.)

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Erin Griffith

Holmes glanced verrrrrry briefly over to the jury after the recording. In any other case sitting up stick straight and never transferring, as regular.

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Erin Griffith

Sadly I’m not capable of see the jurors’ faces upon listening to Holmes’s voice for the primary time. Within the recording, she is giving the same old pitch about Theranos’s massive imaginative and prescient of making “the biggest lab within the nation” and to “change the fact of lab testing right now.”

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Erin Griffith

We’re going to take heed to some recordings of a name Holmes had with buyers. Earlier than introducing them, Schenk, the prosecutor, requested Tolbert if he had had the prospect to “observe” Holmes’s voice in conferences and on the decision. 👀

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Erin Griffith

In 2013, Corridor Group invested $5 million into the corporate. The corporate had round 10 days to resolve on the funding and the share worth had jumped to $75 a share. Tolbert recorded a pitch name with Holmes. He stated he’d been pissed off about not having numerous details about Theranos.

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Erin Griffith

We see an e mail from Chris Lucas to Corridor Group in 2013 about Theranos including board members. It says “Hopefully, this additionally means we are going to begin receiving extra communication from the corporate.” Tolbert stated he’d been wanting extra visibility into the corporate.

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Erin Griffith

Theranos additionally had promised buyers it might go public in 2008. 🙃

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Erin Griffith

After that, in 2006, Tolbert determined to take a position $2 million by way of the funding fund of Don Lucas’s son Chris.

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Erin Griffith

Tolbert had dinner with Holmes and Lucas the place they talked about Holmes’s imaginative and prescient and in addition “heard some enjoyable tales from Don Lucas about his funding profession.” He additionally visited Theranos’s workplace and somebody gave him a cartridge.

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Erin Griffith

We see an in depth monetary projection from Theranos that exhibits the corporate turning into worthwhile in 2007. (Narrator: It didn’t…)

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Erin Griffith

Level for workforce “Theranos just isn’t a Silicon Valley firm as a result of it didn’t increase from conventional enterprise capitalists”: Corridor Group was primarily an actual property funding agency. Counterpoint: Corridor Group was launched to Theranos by Don Lucas.

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Erin Griffith

Subsequent witness: Bryan Tolbert of Corridor Group. The agency invested $5 million in Theranos in late 2013.

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Erin Griffith

On cross-examination of Shane Weber, Holmes lawyer John Cline hammers the purpose that Weber didn’t ship his report about Theranos to Holmes. The purpose (I assume) being that, with out seeing the report, Theranos had each cause to maintain pondering Pfizer preferred its expertise.

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Erin Griffith

That is it for direct.

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Erin Griffith

Did Pfizer and Theranos have any significant enterprise dealings after 2010? No. Do you agree with assertion that Pfizer validated Theranos’s expertise? No I don’t. You got here to the alternative conclusion? I did.

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Erin Griffith

A humorous factor about TV trials is that they clarify the objections in regular language however in actual life they are saying issues like “objection, that is 702 territory” or “similar 406 from final time your honor.”

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Erin Griffith

We get a facet by facet of the report, one with Theranos brand on it and one with the Theranos and Pfizer logos on it. Would it not be honest to say in 2010 or after that Pfizer endorsed Theranos’s expertise or comprehensively validated Theranos’s expertise? Weber: “No”

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Erin Griffith

Now we see an e mail from Walgreens to Pfizer, which incorporates the validation report I discussed above the place Theranos put Pfizer’s brand and implied its approval. Weber stated he hadn’t seen this earlier than the feds confirmed it to him.

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Erin Griffith

Weber referred to as Elizabeth Holmes to inform her Pfizer wasn’t going to work with Theranos. In an e mail to a colleague, he stated “I used to be well mannered clear crisp and patiently agency as she pushed again.” Writes that Holmes requested for different names at Pfizer to speak to and he “politely deflected.”

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Erin Griffith

The doc additional lists six technical due diligence questions that Weber requested Theranos execs on a telephone name, and concludes their solutions had been “indirect, deflective or evasive non-informative solutions.”

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Erin Griffith

Most of Weber’s solutions have been very technical and filled with jargon certain to confuse jurors however that record of adjectives hits fairly laborious. (Protection tried to object.)

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Erin Griffith

Additional in his abstract, Weber says Theranos’s conclusions are “not plausible” and calls the corporate’s solutions to due diligence questions “non-informative, tangential, deflective or evasive”

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Erin Griffith

(Recall that final week we noticed a doc with Pfizer’s brand on it that implied that the corporate validated Theranos’s expertise, which Holmes used to solicit funding from Walgreens and others)

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Erin Griffith

After speaking with Elizabeth Holmes and reviewing a bunch of paperwork (together with a patent), Weber created a abstract report on using Theranos expertise. Imagine that is the report the protection didn’t need proven to jurors, and the decide allowed Web page 1. Weber’s suggestion: “Theranos doesn’t presently have any diagnostic or medical curiosity to Pfizer.”

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Erin Griffith

We start with a sequence of emails establishing why Weber was concerned with Theranos at Pfizer — his position was to make a suggestion to the corporate about its expertise. “We had been in search of diagnostic capabilities that might open the door for more practical consumption of sufferers.”

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Erin Griffith

The U.S. has referred to as Shane Weber, who was a scientist at Pfizer. He’s talking loudly and clearly into the mic and for that I thank him. 🙏

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Erin Griffith

Feels like we’ll be listening to from our first investor (other than Walgreens): Brian Tolbert of the funding agency Corridor Group is prone to testify right now.

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Erin Griffith

🩸 Again in courtroom for the fraud trial of Elizabeth Holmes. It’s wet, the prosecution plans to name 4 witnesses right now, and the press corp is typing each so rigorously after being scolded for distracting a juror with our keyboards.

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Erin Griffith

As regular, we’re beginning late as a result of the legal professionals are combating over admitting a doc and there is a matter with a juror.

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Erin Woo

Edlin is excused, and we’re breaking for the day. Erin Griffith shall be within the courtroom on Friday when trial resumes.

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Erin Woo

Edlin on his selection to go away: “Within the 12 months after the preliminary WSJ articles got here out, the corporate claimed that it might be capable of show that the expertise labored and show that these claims weren’t true. The corporate was unable to persuade anybody that these claims had been unfaithful and that its expertise and science labored. That gave me critical doubts as as to whether the corporate was able to proving its expertise labored.” He got here to the conclusion they might by no means be capable of show it, he stated.

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Erin Woo

Bostic: At Theranos, whose resolution was it to reveal what data to the press? Edlin: In my expertise, Elizabeth was the one one who communicated immediately with the press. Bostic: Did anybody make selections about what she was allowed to say? Edlin: I don’t know if she consulted with anybody.

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Erin Woo

Bostic: Who did the ultimate evaluate of investor shows? Edlin: Elizabeth.

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Erin Woo

Now, when Holmes weighed in on web site language, asking to say a 4-hour window relatively than 2 hours. Fairly than addressing this, Bostic appears to be mentioning that in different instances (together with web site/investor shows), language round “superior accuracy” made it in.

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Erin Woo

OK, and we’re now again to an e mail Downey introduced up, the place Holmes desires to place the language across the venous attract the principle physique of textual content. The language she needed referred to as venipunctures “unusual.” Bostic factors out that venous attracts had been utilized in 40 % of the time at Walgreens.

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Erin Woo

Bostic: Who had closing say over what outcomes had been reported within the demo? Edlin: Daniel did and Elizabeth did.

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Erin Woo

Bostic: Was a part of {that a} need to point out that the expertise carried out properly? Edlin: Sure. Bostic: How is that this objective served by hiding errors? Edlin: I don’t know. Bostic: What about withholding outcomes? Edlin: I don’t know.

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Erin Woo

Speedy-fire questioning from Bostic simply now. Edlin: The aim of the tech demonstrations was to “showcase or show the Theranos expertise. In some instances, checks had been run. In others, checks weren’t run. Generally, to point out the performance of the Theranos expertise.”

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Erin Woo

Again from break, and Bostic says he has round half-hour left of cross-examination. Downey says that we’ll end with Edlin right now. We’re now a doc relating to the Restricted Goal Experiment with the U.S. Central Command, which Edlin testified once more didn’t happen. Completion of this examine was a prerequisite to medical use of Theranos units by the army, Edlin confirms.

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Erin Woo

Downey wraps cross, and Bostic is again for redirect. We’re beginning with the connection with the army. Bostic notes that solely 28 folks participated within the burn examine. Edlin additionally doubles down on his earlier testimony that the army by no means used Theranos units on troopers.

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Erin Woo

Taking a look at one other e mail concerning the brochure for Walgreens, the place Christian Holmes is relaying suggestions from Elizabeth. All through cross, Downey has introduced up emails/situations the place Elizabeth has advocated for transparency and disclosure to counteract what we noticed in direct.

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Erin Woo

Again from break and a presentation Edlin helped put together for an investor. In an e mail questioning the accuracy of a declare in a single graph, Holmes wrote: “In the event that they presently do refrigerate then we should always replicate that so we’re making an correct declare.”

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Erin Woo

Downey is attempting to ascertain that using the demo app, introduced up by the federal government, isn’t misleading/malicious, mentioning that somebody could present up and never get their blood drawn and that there have been totally different protocols for various eventualities.

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Erin Woo

Downey is discussing the demo app, which as proven earlier than shields failures from the affected person. “You weren’t attempting to deceive anybody on this demo course of, appropriate? And also you didn’t perceive that anybody else at Theranos was attempting to deceive anybody on this course of?” Edlin agrees.

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Erin Woo

Shifting matters to demos, after round an hour of questioning about Theranos’s army relationship. Round 10-15 folks labored on the workforce to do demos, with Daniel Younger reviewing and approving all demos, Edlin testifies.

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Erin Woo

Givens wrote that the machine “appeared to operate properly within the setting,” and her solely grievance was the touch-screen. She wrote that she hoped to get funding for a full proposal.

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Erin Woo

Downey is citing emails from Melissa Givens of U.S. Africa Command and former Theranos V.P. Daniel Younger indicating that the system carried out properly in excessive temperatures in Africa. Yesterday, the federal government confirmed proof saying that the units couldn’t function over 82 levels.

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Erin Woo

Good morning from San Jose! Daniel Edlin is again on the stand. We’re nonetheless anticipating former Pfizer diagnostics director Shane Weber subsequent.

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Erin Woo

We’re breaking for the day. I’ll be again tomorrow at 9 a.m. for extra of Edlin’s cross-examination.

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Erin Woo

Downey asks Edlin a sequence of questions round whether or not he ever took steps to place ahead any declare he knew to be false. Edlin says repeatedly that he didn’t. “That data was reliant on data you had gotten from scientists within the firm, appropriate?” “Sure.”

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Erin Woo

Downey began by having Edlin verify that he was not a tech skilled — Edlin majored in public coverage at Duke.

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Erin Woo

And — protection modifications the topic utterly. We’re again to speaking about Theranos’s expertise as we start cross-examination.

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Erin Woo

With that, we’re by means of with direct and onto cross. Testimony is scheduled to finish at 3 right now, so Edlin will probably proceed tomorrow.

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Erin Woo

Edlin stated he was in conferences the place Balwani stated he would defer to Holmes. “Typically, she was the C.E.O., so she had the ultimate decision-making authority.” Edlin stated he noticed them disagree about “sure matters.” Once they disagreed, Edlin says there wasn’t at all times a call that was made. He noticed occasions when Balwani would defer to Holmes however can’t recall the reverse.

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Erin Woo

Again from break. Bostic is pivoting to what Edlin noticed of Holmes and Balwani working collectively. Holmes and Balwani had workplaces subsequent to one another with glass partitions. They usually ate lunch collectively and had been in dialogue collectively, he stated, however nothing else stands out.

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Erin Woo

We’re going by means of slides accredited by Holmes and despatched to the army for a 2012 burn examine. After many claims, Bostic asks Edlin whether or not he knew on the time whether or not this was true or not. Edlin says repeatedly he didn’t know, however he had no cause to doubt it. One exception: One bullet learn that the majority outcomes may very well be obtained in lower than 20 minutes, however Edlin testified that demo run occasions had been often longer than 20 minutes.

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Erin Woo

Within the doc: “Theranos has created a point-of-service laboratory infrastructure that generates real-time information from a finger-stick of blood or different micro-volumes of various pattern varieties delivering greater high quality information than beforehand doable.” Additionally: “Every Theranos system can run each check presently out there by means of the standard centralized or hospital laboratory infrastructure.” Edlin testifies: “I had no cause to imagine it wasn’t true.”

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Erin Woo

We at the moment are a doc that was despatched to Main Steven Cook dinner. “Every thing on this doc was reviewed and accredited by Elizabeth,” Edlin testifies. Holmes was extremely concerned in each dialogue/e mail communication he had with the army, he says.

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Erin Woo

Switching matters to Theranos’s interactions with the army. Edlin helped assist Theranos’s army and D.O.D. relationships. “The top objective for these communications was to arrange a analysis program that might evaluate Theranos testing to the testing out there to the army.”

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Erin Woo

Edlin testifies that he doesn’t keep in mind Holmes asking him to take out language like this from investor binders, and says that he remembers shows like this being despatched to different buyers as properly.

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Erin Woo

Beneath the heading “Identical Assessments, a Complete New Method”: “The actionable data you want, 1/1000 the scale of a typical blood draw.” This web page additionally says “the very best ranges of accuracy and precision.” Theranos’s legal professional flagged this language at the side of the web site.

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Erin Woo

Included in a binder despatched to Rupert Murdoch: “Theranos’s proprietary, patented expertise runs complete blood checks from a finger-stick and checks from micro-samples of different matrices, and generates considerably greater integrity information than presently doable.”

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Erin Woo

Edlin testifies that he would put together binders for buyers. “Elizabeth requested to evaluate them and as soon as they had been reviewed and accredited … I’d ship them to buyers,” he stated.

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Erin Woo

Bostic exhibits Edlin the purported Pfizer/Theranos examine report, however Edlin doesn’t know who created it or put the brand there, he testified.

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Erin Woo

The advertising on Theranos’s draft web site included “a tiny drop is all it takes” and “highest stage of accuracy.” In a four-page e mail, Theranos legal professional Kate Beardsley raised accuracy questions on a few of this advertising, in some instances asking for substantiation or suggesting modifications (i.e., “full vary” to “broad vary,” “highest high quality” to “prime quality”).

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Erin Woo

Edlin testifies that Holmes was “very concerned and detail-oriented” in reviewing and approving Theranos’s advertising. “For the top product, and for what really went onto the web site, she did evaluate that.”

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Erin Woo

Dec. 27, 2015, e mail from Holmes relating to a “VIP visitor”: “You may say we do run these assays, however weren’t capable of run them on this pattern, apparently on account of a human error in pattern dealing with.” Nonetheless: We simply noticed an e mail from a Theranos scientist saying it was not human error. This e mail was with reference to a Forbes author who deliberate on writing about his expertise.

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Erin Woo

Concerning these outcomes: Bostic enters a Jan. 7 e mail from Tina Lin to Edlin, noting some points with the outcomes (some excessive, some low). “Now we have no pattern for rerun because it was a brief draw,” she wrote. Theranos started testing in wellness facilities over a 12 months in the past, Bostic notes.

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Erin Woo

Leaping forward to the Murdoch funding. Jan. 6, 2015, from Holmes: “I [sic] could be an honor to have you ever be a part of our firm.” Jan. 7 from Murdoch: “Thanks, Elizabeth. Loved each minute of it. Any blood outcomes? See you quickly, Rupert”

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Erin Woo

E mail from Edlin: “Sadly by the appears to be like of the Thyroid panel outcomes beneath it seems to have had main points once more.” Balwani: “To say that is deeply disappointing shall be a gross beneath assertion.” This was a few month earlier than the general public launch, Edlin testifies.

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Erin Woo

We’ve spent the morning to this point totally different e mail chains by which Daniel Younger instructed Edlin to alter or take away irregular check outcomes from demo stories. Holmes has been included on many of those emails.

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Erin Woo

The jury is seated, and Daniel Edlin is again on the stand. We’re beginning once more with a recap of Theranos demos. Final Friday, we mentioned how they used the “demo app,” which shielded system failures from view, or the “null protocol,” which wouldn’t really analyze the pattern.

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Erin Woo

Good morning! I’m within the courtroom in San Jose. We’re beginning with Daniel Edlin, a former senior product supervisor at Theranos (and faculty buddy of Christian Holmes). Primarily based on pretrial arguments, we’ll have former Pfizer diagnostics director Shane Weber subsequent.

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Erin Woo

With that, we’re breaking for the weekend. We’ll decide up with Edlin on Tuesday.

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Erin Woo

We’re an e mail chain between Edlin, Daniel Younger, Michael Craig and others, making ready for a tech demonstration. They resolve to go together with the demo app, which “shields protocol failures from the shopper,” Craig wrote. If an error had taken place, it wouldn’t present on the display that an error had taken place. It will say working or processing, Edlin stated.

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Erin Woo

Edlin performed trainings for Walgreens workers and would give excursions round Theranos. “Upfront of the tour, there have been some areas of the labs that had been hidden by a partition” to hide Theranos units, Edlin testifies.

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Erin Woo

Edlin was conscious on the time of Theranos utilizing modified third-party units to run venous attracts however didn’t know the third-party units had been used for fingerstick attracts till 2016.

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Erin Woo

Edlin labored on the “front-end buyer expertise” for the Walgreens partnership, together with the shop’s branding and advertising in addition to software program utilized by sufferers and technicians. Edlin testifies that he was aware of the Edison machines (3.0 and three.5), the MiniLab, and the Edison 4 sequence (the next-gen model of the Theranos units). The following-gen variations had been by no means used for medical affected person testing, he testifies.

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Erin Woo

To this point, Edlin has testified about Holmes’s work habits — she was within the workplace “on a regular basis,” from early morning to late night and on weekends — and about how data was saved siloed inside Theranos, on directions from Elizabeth, Christian and Sunny.

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Erin Woo

Edlin was recruited to Theranos by Christian Holmes, who Edlin describes as “one in every of my closest buddies.” He first met Elizabeth Holmes by means of Christian whereas Edlin and Christian had been at Duke.

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Erin Woo

Daniel Edlin, a former senior challenge supervisor at Theranos from 2011 to 2016 who labored immediately with Holmes, is on the stand.

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Erin Woo

After a break, we’re again in session. There could also be extra disruptions coming as much as the trial schedule: A juror’s mother-in-law handed away immediately and she or he could should journey to the Midwest, and a buddy of Davila’s is critically sick.

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Erin Woo

Redirect is completed, and we’re again to re-cross. After some backwards and forwards on Dhawan’s assumptions that Theranos staff had been doing their jobs, Dhawan has been excused.

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Erin Woo

The federal government is asking about Lynette Sawyer. Dhawan says he didn’t meet Sawyer and doesn’t know whether or not she went into the lab or noticed the Edison. Generally, the federal government is working to point out that Wade’s line of questioning relied on assumptions.

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Erin Woo

We’re by means of cross and into redirect. Wade’s cross-examination stayed on the identical theme: that Theranos had loads of certified staff, and Dhawan’s minimal presence within the lab wasn’t a priority.

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Erin Woo

Wade is mentioning that Dhawan, as a part-time worker, delegated his obligations to totally different full-time Theranos staff. “Nobody was pretending you had been there every single day,” Wade continued. “You had been there as wanted, proper?”

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Erin Woo

Lance Wade is beginning with dialogue of Dr. Lynette Sawyer, who additionally served as a part-time lab director throughout this time. Dr. Sawyer didn’t come up throughout direct yesterday — Wade appears to be arguing that Dhawan didn’t do a lot as a result of Sawyer was dealing with extra of it.

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Erin Woo

After a juror overslept, we’re lastly beginning testimony in “Our Holmes Matter” in San Jose. We’re beginning once more with Dr. Sunil Dhawan, who turned lab director after Adam Rosendorff left.

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Erin Griffith

Movement to compel is denied, Parloff just isn’t required to show over his notes. Decide stated it doesn’t even should get into the problem of reporter’s privilege as a result of the protection hasn’t made a powerful sufficient case for it. “It’s a fishing expedition.”

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Erin Woo

We’re wrapping for the day. I’ll be again within the courthouse at 9 a.m. tomorrow when the trial resumes.

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Erin Griffith

Parloff counsel David Korzenik: “The trial just isn’t about Mr. Parloff’s frame of mind. It’s not a libel case in opposition to his subsequent article by which he corrected his first.” “He can solely testify as to what Ms Holmes instructed him.”

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Erin Woo

Wade is asking about Dhawan’s interactions with Holmes and Balwani. Wade says that Balwani was working the laboratory from an operational standpoint. Dhawan says he can’t touch upon that, however his assumption was that he was.

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Erin Woo

With quarter-hour to go right now, we’re beginning in on cross-examination. Wade (who spent days on the stand cross-examining Rosendorff) is begins by establishing that Dhawan is a extremely educated skilled.

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Erin Woo

Dhawan says he doesn’t recall ever asking questions or asking a report back to be modified. He additionally signed a doc about reporting of crucial values with out ever seeing a crucial worth.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff had signed the paperwork earlier than Dhawan did. “It gave me some reassurance that there had been some supervision earlier than my time of arrival,” Dhawan testified. Dhawan signed the validation for the Edison with out ever seeing it run something.

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Erin Griffith

Additionally, “We need to present the data he was pointed to. It doesn’t matter if it seems to be appropriate or incorrect.”

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Erin Griffith

Onto the Parloff matter. Cline says the Holmes camp desires to Parloff’s reporting notes with the intention to present that Parloff “was coloured by bias — a need in charge any errors he made in his preliminary article on Ms. Holmes relatively than” his personal errors. Wow.

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Erin Griffith

The Justice of the Peace decide grants movement for the exclusion. “He’s testifying as to secondary issues. He’s reporting and testifying about one thing another person stated or did that he lined. He actually is akin to an skilled witness who has collected data from many sources.” Carreyrou is now allowed to be within the courtroom.

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Erin Woo

The Q.C. supervisor, Langly Gee, launched himself to Dhawan in August 2015. He needed Dhawan there for the CMS audit on 9/22/15. Dhawan stated he was there for the audit. Earlier than that, he stated he signed “no matter was despatched to me.”

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Erin Woo

Dhawan didn’t go to Theranos every single day. He went to Theranos twice. He didn’t work together with sufferers, physicians or Theranos lab staff. He by no means handled Q.C. He thinks he labored 5-10 complete hours from November 2014 to June 2015. For this, Dhawan was getting paid $5,000 a month.

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Erin Griffith

Cline: “I perceive it is a hardship for Mr. Carreyrou. He’s not the one one struggling a hardship. Ms. Holmes’s father is a witness. We could name him. He’s having to overlook the trial of his daughter.”

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Erin Griffith

Prosecution notes that it already introduced a movement to dam any arguments that there was coordination between the federal government and Carreyrou. Says there isn’t any proof of that and that Decide Davila already agreed to dam such arguments.

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Erin Griffith

Will the Holmes camp name Carreyrou as a witness? Holmes lawyer John Cline: “I can’t inform you at this level who we’re going to name as witnesses. We could. We could not placed on a case. We could name Ms. Holmes. … I can actually inform you we could name him.”

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Erin Woo

As anticipated, we at the moment are calling Dr. Sunil Dhawan, a dermatologist who turned Theranos’s lab director after Rosendorff left. After a number of days on Theranos’s partnerships with different corporations (Safeway, Walgreens), we’re now again to inside Theranos workings.

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Erin Woo

After transient re-cross from Downey, Jhaveri is excused.

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Erin Griffith

He provides that any subpoena issued to Carreyrou could be in dangerous religion or harassing. One instance: “Ms. Holmes main her staff in a chant that claims F You, Carreyrou. Clearly I’m abbreviating that.”

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Erin Griffith

Carreyrou lawyer: “We imagine he’s being singled out due to his prior reporting and due to the animus Ms. Holmes has for him.” Lawyer additionally says it’s a matter of First Modification rights.

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Erin Woo

Schenk is up for redirect. He notes that the affected person expertise surveys had been earlier than they bought their check outcomes, so in the event that they, for instance, had been instructed they weren’t pregnant however had been in reality pregnant, that might have an effect on their expertise however wouldn’t be counted in survey outcomes.

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Erin Griffith

Decide: “I’ve not been following Mr. Carreyrou’s podcast, however as I perceive it he’s been capable of report on what’s occurring and touch upon what’s occurring.” Decide asks what’s the issue?

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Erin Griffith

On the Carreyrou matter, the Justice of the Peace decide prompt that he be categorized as an skilled witness, “a practical resolution,” he stated. Holmes facet stated (understandably?) that that doesn’t make numerous sense.

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Erin Griffith

Protection has tried to compel Parloff to launch his notes. A few of them (previous emails) now not exist. However others would contain forcing him to show over notes and sourcing, and many others. He already supplied some recordings of interviews to each side however is combating the subpoena for notes.

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Erin Griffith

They’re additionally going to be coping with the motions involving Roger Parloff, who wrote a Fortune cowl story that’s actually being mentioned in trial at this second.

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Erin Griffith

Whereas testimony is going on, there may be additionally a separate Zoom listening to now with a Justice of the Peace decide, Nathanael Cousins, over whether or not the journalist John Carreyrou shall be allowed within the courtroom.

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Erin Woo

Taking a look at a January 2015 affected person expertise survey abstract. Sufferers rated the general expertise as 4.81/5 — extra assist for Downey’s line of argument right here.

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Erin Woo

Generally, Downey appears to be taking a really cheap, pleasant tone with this cross-examination (in distinction, for instance, with the way in which Wade began off cross with Rosendorff two weeks in the past). Details: opening shops is difficult, however sufferers had been completely satisfied.

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Erin Woo

Downey is basically attempting to spotlight affected person satisfaction to point out that the partnership was a hit. Jhaveri pushes again, saying that affected person expertise was one essential issue, however so was value of build-out, venous draw percentages, and many others. Jhaveri does concede that he doesn’t keep in mind getting unfavourable suggestions concerning the checks being completed in venous draw type.

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Erin Woo

Different paperwork confirmed that Walgreens didn’t embrace venous draw percentages amongst “key program dangers” and that Jhaveri instructed Walgreens colleagues to not talk about future market enlargement plans exterior California and Arizona.

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Erin Woo

Downey highlights paperwork that make the case that the partnership was doing higher than the federal government painted it as. We noticed a set of Walgreens/Theranos assembly minutes saying that affected person expertise surveys had been “off the charts.”

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Erin Woo

Downey establishes that Jhaveri had little or no contact w Holmes; Jhaveri says he met along with her “two or thrice at most.” (His foremost level of contact was Balwani.)

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Erin Woo

Again from break. Downey is beginning cross with questions on how opening shops is a troublesome job.

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Erin Woo

After studying the texts, the federal government completed its direct examination of Jhaveri. We’ll decide up with cross after the break.

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Erin Woo

Right here’s the complete doc with 36 pages of texts: https://www.documentcloud.org/paperwork/21081045-holmes-balwani-texts

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Erin Woo

Textual content messages between Holmes and Balwani about Walgreens! Jhaveri and Schenk are, for no matter cause, taking turns doing a dwell studying. (Jhaveri is Balwani; Schenk is Holmes. This does certainly really feel sort of like highschool English class.)

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Erin Woo

In 2015, venous draw percentages by no means went down sufficient to increase past 40 shops in Arizona and one in Palo Alto. Balwani’s clarification for the chances by no means modified. Then, in late 2015, Jhaveri testifies, he learn a unfavourable article about Theranos. Walgreens stopped providing Theranos checks in 2016.

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Erin Woo

Normal theme of Jhaveri’s testimony to this point: Theranos wasn’t hitting its targets relating to venous draw percentages, however Jhaveri was prepared to maintain working with them. However, the federal government notes: What Jhaveri didn’t know was that Theranos was not doing testing by itself units.

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Erin Woo

8/15/2014 e mail from Jhaveri, the place he wrote that “we have now made unbelievable progress within the quick 5 months.” Jhaveri nonetheless believed that Theranos was doing testing by itself units, he testifies. In the identical e mail, Jhaveri wrote that he desires to deal with bettering affected person expertise and “venous % within the 10% vary.” At that time, it was nonetheless round 40%.

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Erin Woo

Now revised objectives from August for the Theranos partnership. For F.Y. 2015, they had been now aiming for 200 shops as an alternative of 500, based mostly on the outcomes of the pilot. The venous draw percentages and the price of the buildout had been two causes for the lowered objectives, Jhaveri testifies.

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Erin Woo

In June 2014, Jhaveri nonetheless thought that Theranos was doing its testing on Theranos units. He didn’t know that Theranos was testing sufferers’ blood on modified third-party units. And nobody, together with Balwani, was happy with the venous draw percentages.

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Erin Woo

When Theranos did a finger stick draw, Walgreens thought that blood was being examined on a Theranos system. Walgreens didn’t realize it was being examined on a modified business system, Jhaveri testifies.

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Erin Woo

Walgreens agreed that some, extra advanced checks would possibly at all times require venous attracts, however these checks had been imagined to be much less widespread. A slide attributes the “greater variety of venous attracts to this point” to “studying course of round ordering patterns for Arizona,” not tech issues.

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Erin Woo

The proportion of finger stick attracts was “crucial,” Jhaveri testifies. “That was the Theranos expertise that we had signed a partnership on. … That was the precise magic that was so intriguing to us.”

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Erin Woo

Sufferers may obtain conventional lab work by way of venous or finger stick check. Historically, labs would do venous attracts. Theranos, as we all know, promised to do the identical checks on a small quantity of blood by means of a finger stick, which Jhaveri calls “extraordinary.”

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Erin Woo

On the time, Theranos was in a single retailer in Palo Alto and two in Arizona. They had been monitoring clients’ wait time and expertise stage. They had been additionally monitoring some lab measures, together with proportions of venous vs. finger stick checks.

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Erin Woo

Jhaveri was working to “operationalize” the Theranos partnership — increasing the partnership from the three shops it was in on the time. This included building, design, format, coaching, buyer expertise.

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Erin Woo

In early 2014, he turned divisional vp of well being care companies, and the Theranos partnership turned a part of his obligations presently.

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Erin Woo

He re-engaged with the Theranos workforce on the finish of 2013. At that time, he was nonetheless engaged on the brand new pharmacy design and needed to determine how the Theranos partnership would match into the expertise/building of the shop.

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Erin Woo

He first heard of Theranos in 2010, when he was main a challenge to revamp Walgreens pharmacies to be extra customer-centric. He met Holmes and Balwani when he gave them a brief tour of a Walgreens retailer.

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Erin Woo

Jhaveri labored at Walgreens for 29 years (1989-2018). He’s a registered pharmacist with an MBA in organizational administration.

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Erin Woo

We’re completed with direct examination. On cross (which takes roughly one minute), the protection establishes that Amenta didn’t have particular information of the wire transfers past understanding that they occurred. And we at the moment are completed with Amenta and onto Jhaveri.

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Erin Woo

Prosecutor John Bostic is taking Amenta by means of federal wire transfers despatched to Theranos, presumably to point out that wire transfers had been made.

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Erin Woo

Jurors have filed in. Amenta is on the stand.

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Erin Woo

Again within the courtroom for a particular Thursday version of the Elizabeth Holmes trial! At this time’s anticipated witnesses: Robert Amenta, deputy chief investigator on the Federal Reserve Financial institution of New York; Nimesh Jhaveri, a former Walgreens government; and Dr. Sunil Dhawan, a former Theranos lab director.

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Erin Griffith

That’s it for right now. There shall be trial tomorrow and one of many witnesses shall be Nimesh Jhaveri, former head of well being care companies at Walgreens.

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Erin Griffith

The following witness is Robert Amenta, deputy chief investigator on the New York Federal Reserve. We simply walked by means of a proof of what the Fed does. U.S. Lawyer John Bostic: “So it’s a financial institution for banks.”

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Erin Griffith

In 2015, after the WSJ Theranos expose, Miquelon wrote an e mail to Holmes: “You’re in my ideas, grasp in there. The haters are in every single place however your contribution to the world can’t be bottled up.”

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Erin Griffith

Protection makes the case that Walgreens entered into its settlement with Theranos understanding it didn’t have F.D.A. approval. Walgreens had the fitting to terminate the partnership if Theranos didn’t get F.D.A. approval by the top of 2010. (It didn’t, and Walgreens didn’t terminate.)

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Erin Griffith

On diligence, Miquelon says: “I’d outline diligence as unfolding over a few years — diligence continues and that’s one cause why you’ve gotten a revised settlement and addendums to that.”

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Erin Griffith

Downy made the purpose that most of the guarantees Holmes made about Theranos’s expertise had been made when the corporate deliberate to place machines in shops. Concept being that these guarantees are irrelevant as a result of Theranos determined to not put machines in shops, however check in its personal lab.

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Erin Griffith

On cross-exam, Holmes lawyer Kevin Downey is increase how massive of a deal this effort was to Walgreens. Miquelon stated Walgreens employed a agency to give you a listing of 180 start-ups engaged on lab growth, which the corporate evaluated.

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Erin Griffith

The price hinged on the partnership hitting sure milestones, however in August 2013, Holmes emailed Walgreens asking to speed up the fee and ship the cash sooner.

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Erin Griffith

WOW this is perhaps public information however I wasn’t conscious of it. Walgreens paid a $100 million “innovation price” to Theranos for the privilege of partnering with them. The precise funding in fairness solely got here within the type of a $40 million convertible be aware.

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Erin Griffith

🩸 After a two-hour delay attributable to jurors elevating points about their questionnaires being made public, testimony within the Elizabeth Holmes trial (or, per the decide, “Our Holmes Matter”) is starting with Wade Miquelon, former C.F.O. of Walgreens.

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Erin Griffith

Miquelon describes the artwork of credibility buying and selling — in an e mail promoting Theranos to his colleagues he notes Larry Ellison’s endorsement. The prosecutors additionally make the purpose that Theranos was seven years alongside — pre-empting the “only a younger start-up” protection.

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Erin Griffith

We’ve seen a number of paperwork from pharma corporations endorsing or validating Theranos’s expertise. I imagine these are the identical ones we noticed within the opening arguments, which had been a reasonably large smoking gun. The testimony hasn’t but mentioned whether or not they had been falsified.

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Erin Griffith

Miquelon gives a really acquainted story by now: He was excited by the promise of Theranos’s expertise. A lot of low-cost checks on a finger stick of blood. We additionally know by now that witnesses should be very particular concerning the claims Holmes made as a result of protection will decide them aside.

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Erin Griffith

The following witness is the previous Walgreens C.F.O. Wade Miquelon (now C.E.O. of Jo-Ann Shops).

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Erin Griffith

Burd attracts the road at income and profitability. “Should you’re hitting sturdy income {dollars} relative to dimension and also you’re getting cash, I’d say you’re in your approach.” (If that they had requested me, I’d have outlined a start-up as a personal venture-capital backed firm.)

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Erin Griffith

On redirect we talk about the definition of a start-up, rebutting protection’s declare that Theranos was only a tiny upstart coping with a giant dangerous company. “Do you differentiate between a start-up that’s 7-10 years previous vs one that’s simply beginning out of a storage?”

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Erin Griffith

Downey attempting to make the case that Safeway’s inventory had had a giant drop between previous to Burd leaving. He doesn’t take that bait. “In 20 years, that occurs continuously.”

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Erin Griffith

We commute over the Theranos lab arrange as a check on Safeway’s company campus. Burd was pissed off that it was imagined to have a “field,” one in every of Theranos’s blood analyzers, however for “secrecy” causes, didn’t get one. Ultimately it was shut down.

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Erin Griffith

Downey has grilled Burd on the authorized particulars of their partnership that gave Safeway exclusivity rights, paybacks, and many others. on whether or not there was ever a tough deadline given for the launch.

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Erin Griffith

Lots of deal with the diligence that Safeway did on Theranos and its expertise. Burd spoke with numerous medical doctors and lab administrators at Johns Hopkins, who stated that they had not had the Theranos machines lengthy sufficient to validate them. “The field was taken again by Theranos.”

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Erin Griffith

Kevin Downey, Holmes’s lawyer, is now cross-examining Burd. Increase all his expertise, experience, sophistication, and many others., to match with Holmes and Theranos. “You knew on the time that she was a really younger entrepreneur. … And also you knew the corporate was a start-up?”

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Erin Griffith

Simply e mail after e mail from Burd to Holmes expressing disappointment. “We’re so good collectively once we collaborate, however I’ve by no means been extra pissed off. I need to assist, however you make it troublesome.”

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Erin Griffith

Burd emailed Holmes: “I can recall getting discouraged as soon as is (sic) the final 61 years. That stated I get near my second occasion.” Do C.E.O.s at all times e mail one another this manner?

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Erin Griffith

Burd emailed Holmes complaining about delays on launching Theranos checks inside Safeway shops. “I really feel like a jogger working in place ready for the cease gentle to show inexperienced.” One other e mail has the topic line “Changing into Discouraged.”

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Erin Griffith

Burd emailed Holmes in 2012 expressing issues a few Theranos lab on Safeway’s campus. “I’m genuinely involved that Safeway’s lab popularity will get worse by the day.” He warned that if the issues continued for the comfortable launch, “each our manufacturers shall be in danger.”

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Erin Griffith

The decide referred to as the case “Our Holmes Matter” which I’m going to start out utilizing. Steve Burd, the previous C.E.O. of Safeway, is again on the stand for direct examination.

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Erin Griffith

🩸 In courtroom once more for U.S. vs. Holmes.

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Erin Griffith

Thus concludes the Theranos trial motion for the week. The trial is on recess on Friday, shall be again on Tuesday.

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Erin Griffith

He continues: “I’ve had the privilege of assembly 4 U.S. presidents. When the president is within the room — let me inform you, the president owns the room. Nobody talks except spoken to. Her fashion was heat, it was pleasant. It wasn’t dictatorial.”

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Erin Griffith

Burd is extremely complimentary of Holmes. “Not all C.E.O.s are alike. She would rise to the highest of the pile when it comes to imaginative and prescient, when it comes to command of the data, clearly when it comes to supply. She was at all times decisive.” “At any time when she was speaking she owned the room.”

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Erin Griffith

Safeway initially negotiated an $85 million partnership with Theranos, together with investing $30 million to put in labs in its shops, which he stated turned out to be a low estimate. The deal was negotiated immediately with Holmes with no legal professionals, which Burd discovered was uncommon.

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Erin Griffith

Now discussing convertible fairness notes! Isn’t that is a lot extra enjoyable than chemiluminescence and assays. 📈

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Erin Griffith

Ooooooooh I feel we simply bought our first point out of EBITDA within the trial, I can see the fun of studying about accounting on the faces of those jurors.

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Erin Griffith

For some cause he’s speaking a few pressure of watermelon referred to as a Pureheart that has a really small rind that Safeway bought solely for a 12 months. 🍉

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Erin Griffith

Rosendorff’s testimony is lastly over. Steve Burd, the C.E.O. of Safeway for 20 years till 2013, is now testifying. When he heard about Theranos he was “instantly eager about assembly Theranos, notably the founder.” “It was an interesting idea.”

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Erin Griffith

Protection counsel Wade is sort of giddy to argue that prosecution requested Dr. Rosendorff to match points at Theranos to different labs he labored at. Protection needs to be allowed to convey up different investigations at labs the Rosendorff later labored at, he says.

Decide Davila says no, that might be a separate “mini trial.” He provides, “I feel it might really improve the injury you’re in search of to keep away from however, hey, it’s your case.”

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Erin Griffith

Concerning the accusation that he stole commerce secrets and techniques by emailing himself recordsdata, prosecution asks, “Primarily based on what you realize about Theranos’s strategies, would you’ve gotten needed different labs to make use of these strategies?” “No.”

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Erin Griffith

For the final hour we’ve been listening to redirect on Dr. Rosendorff. For these counting, that is Day 6 of his testimony. The rationale he left Theranos: “It was about affected person care and my integrity as a doctor.”

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Erin Griffith

Now the alternate has comparable issues, saying English just isn’t her first language and is anxious she “may make a mistake in one thing.” “It’s her future.” The decide doesn’t appear to be having this one.

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Erin Griffith

The juror stated she doesn’t imagine in punishment and has been more and more haunted by the considered having a task in sending somebody to jail. Not surprisingly, prosecution was in favor of dismissing her.

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Erin Griffith

I’m beginning to really feel like an Oompa Loompa watching the jurors drop out from the sidelines right here, perhaps the press corps will put collectively just a little music and dance.

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Erin Griffith

💉 U.S. v. Holmes, Day 12 of ~2384972: Now we have dismissed a juror who says her views as a Buddhist will make it unimaginable for her to vote to convict. Three of 5 alternates stay. Later right now Steven Burd, the previous C.E.O. of Safeway, will testify.

Erin Griffith headshot

 

Erin Griffith

QC failure, immulite reagents, clia lab, advia, HCG, PSC, assays, vacutainers, nanotainers, we’re nearing the top of Day 5 of Dr. Rosendorff’s testimony and so very deep within the blood testing weeds please ship assist

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Erin Griffith

Decide Davila now says that protection has had 4 days to problem Rosendorff’s testimony and says “You have got challenged his confidence.” Permits protection to query about Rosendorff’s work post-Theranos, says to “probe calmly” to keep away from legal responsibility or impeding his future profession.

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Erin Griffith

Fascinating fashion of questioning asking the witness “You don’t recall these occasions if you lied and many times?” “…No sir?”

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Erin Griffith

Rosendorff despatched himself a bunch of inside Theranos emails earlier than he left. Wade accuses him of stealing commerce secrets and techniques and violating HIPAA with affected person information.

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Erin Griffith

Wade continues to drive on the level that Dr. Rosendorff left Theranos for extra money and the explanation he expressed issues about its lab outcomes and requested to be faraway from its Clia lab was to start out his new job sooner.

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Erin Griffith

Now Wade is attempting to make use of Rosendorff’s resignation e mail — the fakest e mail any worker ever writes — in opposition to him. “You wrote that it was a ‘great expertise’ and also you ‘appreciated the chance to work with so many proficient people’” Gotcha!

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Erin Griffith

Wade is attempting to make a giant deal about how Dr. Rosendorff’s subsequent job after Theranos paid him extra. Dr. Rosendorff just isn’t having it. “I needed to affix a good firm whose mission I believed in.”

Erin Griffith headshot

 

Erin Griffith

Protection exhibits a résumé Rosendorff was sending round and factors out that he stated he did nice work at Theranos. Rosendorff: “I don’t know if you happen to’ve ever tried to use for a job but it surely doesn’t serve you” to debate “fraudulent exercise.” Protection strikes his reply.

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Erin Griffith

Dr. Rosendorff was additionally different jobs earlier than Theranos ever launched. Protection: “You basically had a foot out the door the entire time?” “Every so often I’d take a look at what different jobs had been out there.”

Erin Griffith headshot

 

Erin Griffith

Again from a break. Protection asking Dr. Rosendorff about his departure from Theranos. Protection factors out that Rosendorff was contemplating submitting a qui tam lawsuit in opposition to Theranos, to alert the federal government of wrongdoing (and get a % of the cash recovered).

Erin Griffith headshot

 

Erin Griffith

Protection counsel Wade reads from a deposition by which Rosendorff seems to contradict his testimony concerning the frequency of issues at Theranos labs. “Issues come up in labs — each lab in America, in all probability each lab on the planet — just isn’t going to excellent, appropriate?” “Sure”

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Erin Griffith

Binder hijinks. Whereas flipping by means of all the assorted emails Rosendorff asks somebody to assist him with the binder as a result of “it’s simply opened up and it’s simply [hand wave motion] pages in every single place.”

Erin Griffith headshot

 

Erin Griffith

Within the meantime Roger Parloff has filed a declaration opposing protection’s push to compel him to show over his notes in reporting the 2014 Fortune cowl story about Holmes and Theranos. He already supplied each side recordings of his on-record interviews with Holmes and Balwani.

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Erin Griffith

Rosendorff takes off his glasses and rubs his eyes as Wade cycles by means of numerous kinds displaying his signoff on assay validation from 2013.

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Erin Griffith

The supposed takeaway from the road of questioning, so far as I can inform, is that some checks at Theranos in some unspecified time in the future did work and that when there have been issues, many individuals at Theranos tried to repair them.

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Erin Griffith

Lance Wade, protection counsel, has resumed his aggressive questioning of Dr. Rosendorff, getting deeply into the weeds on his position in setting Theranos’s lab insurance policies and QC testing with numerous emails.

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Erin Griffith

Decide Davila responds with a lightweight dig in opposition to protection: “A few blue fits sitting subsequent to them in a decide’s chambers, what may very well be intimidating about that?” 👔

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Erin Griffith

A media coalition (together with NYT) has argued to unseal the juror questionnaires since we had little visibility into the ultimate choice course of. The decide plans to privately query every juror about what they may need to redact and protection says they need to be there, to which the decide responds that that might be unnecessarily intimidating. Protection disagrees.

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Erin Griffith

Decide Davila stated a journalist contacted a physician who contacted the courtroom clerk to level out that one of many protection’s displays included a affected person’s actual identify, which is a HIPAA violation.

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Erin Griffith

Holmes is right here after all with Billy Evans, her mother and an older man I can’t ID. Earlier than the jury arrives, the legal professionals are arguing about whether or not they can talk about issues at corporations that Dr. Rosendorff labored for after Theranos.

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Erin Griffith

🩸 Again within the courtroom for U.S. v. Holmes. 🩸 The clerk is checking courtroom tickets after a couple of e book golf equipment confirmed up final week. Cross-examination of ex-lab director Adam Rosendorff continues.

Erin Woo headshot

 

Erin Woo

With that, we’re breaking for the weekend. Court docket will resume on Tuesday.

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Erin Woo

The federal government asks how lengthy Wade goes to take with cross-examination, provided that they’ve out-of-state witnesses they need to name subsequent. Wade says he expects it’ll take all day Tuesday. (As a reminder, the general public doesn’t sometimes get data on what witnesses are coming subsequent.)

Erin Woo headshot

 

Erin Woo

7/19/14 e mail from Rosendorff to Balwani defending Theranos’s checks in response to doctor complaints. “I used to be emphatic with Dr. Chen about our rigorous validation and high quality course of,” Rosendorff wrote. He testifies that he believed this on the time.

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Erin Woo

With 5 minutes left earlier than we’re scheduled to interrupt for the weekend, we at the moment are discussing customer support. Rosendorff notes that by the point complaints had been escalated to him, they had been often critical points.

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Erin Woo

Wade actually hammering house this level on outlier removing (which is sensible — that is one thing that got here up so much in earlier testimony for instance of Theranos manipulating outcomes).

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Erin Woo

Wade is urgent Rosendorff to say he accredited of this. “I assumed it was uncommon,” Rosendorff stated. After reminding Rosendorff of what he stated in his deposition, Rosendorff concedes that he accredited it.

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Erin Woo

Now onto one thing referred to as the “six tip coverage,” the place there are six outcomes from one pattern. Two outcomes could be discarded, and also you common the opposite 4. Younger developed this course of. Rosendorff says there was no formal SOP about outlier detection.

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Erin Woo

6/4/14 e mail from Younger, saying that they’re holding the outcomes of a examine after talking with Rosendorff — presumably supporting Wade’s line that Rosendorff is now within the loop.

Erin Woo headshot

 

Erin Woo

In a 6/4/14 e mail from Rosendorff, he wrote a HCG plan for Balwani and Younger which stated HCG ought to change to vacutainer attracts and run on immulite. Wade notes that Rosendorff is “within the loop now.”

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Erin Woo

Younger replies that he up to date Adam over the weekend and agrees that “they need to be working all selections by Adam.”

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Erin Woo

Taking a look at 6/3/14 e mail from Balwani to Younger: “Adam got here by my workplace EXTREMELY pissed off that as a lab director he’s not being saved within the loop.” “This data has to undergo him. … Are you able to guys please contact base with Adam so he’s within the loop,” Balwani provides.

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Erin Woo

Wade asks if Rosendorff stands by his testimony that he didn’t meet with Holmes about HCG on this time interval. Rosendorff says sure.

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Erin Woo

5/30/14: e mail from Holmes’s assistant the place she writes that “Elizabeth has requested me to coordinate a CLIA assembly for this afternoon at 4 p.m.”

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Erin Woo

Now seeing Holmes’ calendar for five/29/14, the place she has “assembly with Adam Rosendorff” listed. Rosendorff had testified that he had not met with Holmes.

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Erin Woo

We’re now constructing a timeline being proven to the jury about HCG points, together with numerous emails and displays.

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Erin Woo

Wade had Rosendorff verify that he testified Holmes was much less involved than he was concerning the HCG points. Then, he confirmed a 4:45 p.m. e mail forwarded from Balwani to Holmes about HCG points. Holmes responded six minutes later, asking, “How did that occur?” Wade then strikes on.

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Erin Woo

We’re again from break and switching gears to speak about HCG, the being pregnant check.

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Erin Woo

On 10/15/14, Balwani gives one other assembly, however Rosendorff’s response signifies that he doesn’t want the opposite assembly.

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Erin Woo

Wade now discussing how Daniel Younger despatched a draft Q.C. coverage forward of the assembly, despite the fact that that was Rosendorff’s duty. Wade additionally notes that there have been no restrictions on what Rosendorff may talk about in the course of the assembly.

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Erin Woo

Wade can be attempting to point out that Theranos DID take Rosendorff’s issues severely. On 10/9/14, Balwani emailed Rosendorff, establishing a gathering to debate his issues. Balwani tried to set it up for the following day, however Rosendorff requested for it to be delayed.

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Erin Woo

In right now’s cross-examination, Wade appears to be attempting to poke holes in Rosendorff’s credibility — mentioning occasions when he was gradual to reply to medical doctors, and noting that there was an AAP in place for proficiency testing, opposite to the impression given in earlier testimony.

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Erin Woo

Wade asks if something was occurring to make Rosendorff gradual to reply. Rosendorff: “I used to be turning into pissed off at my incapacity to clarify discrepant outcomes.” Wade presses him that he simply wanted to name the physician again.

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Erin Woo

We’re now seeing one other e mail from a physician saying he’s ready for a callback from Rosendorff. Wade makes the purpose that that is the second time per week had handed earlier than returning a physician’s name. Rosendorff says he had already spoken with him and didn’t understand one other name was wanted.

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Erin Woo

E mail from Rosendorff after speaking to the physician: The physician is “puzzled” concerning the outcomes, however “the MD is extraordinarily constructive and enthusiastic about Theranos and needs us to ‘crush Quest Diagnostics.’”

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Erin Woo

There’s a ten/10/14 e mail from a customer support rep to Christian Holmes a few affected person who redid her labs at Stanford and bought very totally different outcomes.

Christian responds to say they’ll repeat the checks and loop Rosendorff in. Rosendorff was looped in as instructed, however now there’s a followup e mail to Rosendorff! Per week had passed by, and he hadn’t returned the telephone name concerning the affected person.

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Erin Woo

To this point this morning, Wade’s cross has consisted of going by means of e mail chains discussing proficiency testing, seemingly to ascertain that Theranos did have a rigorous proficiency testing protocol in place.

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Erin Woo

We’re beginning off with proficiency testing. Wade will get Rosendorff to agree that he did write a typical working coverage for an alternate evaluation protocol for proficiency testing.

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Erin Woo

Court docket is in session for the fourth (!!) day of testimony by the previous Theranos lab director Adam Rosendorff. (That is the longest any witness has been on the stand to this point.)

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Erin Woo

There is no such thing as a redirect, and Sung has been dismissed. Court docket is on recess till Friday.

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Erin Woo

The protection ended on the contract between Celgene and Theranos. Cline stated that the entire “success milestones” had been achieved, and funds had been made, though Sung stated she didn’t have direct information of the fee.

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Erin Woo

John Cline is doing the cross-examination for the protection. He’s beginning by going again by means of the chronology we lined in direct.

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Erin Woo

And now we’re onto cross! This was a really quick direct examination.

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Erin Woo

Sung didn’t inform anybody that Celgene had comprehensively validated Theranos’s expertise.

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Erin Woo

4/2/12 e mail from Sung to Daniel Edlin, with Holmes and Younger copied. “We thought it might be nice to maintain her within the loop and conscious of ongoing actions,” Sung stated. The e-mail says Celgene “had determined to easily wait till your next-gen machines are prepared after which deploy them”

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Erin Woo

In additional dangerous information for Theranos, imply focus profiles weren’t constant between Theranos and QPS, and focus variability was greater with Theranos than with QPS methodology. As soon as once more, Sung confirms that focus variability is undesirable.

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Erin Woo

We’re a scatter plot displaying the vary the place Theranos checks ought to fall. Most of them … don’t fall inside this vary. 67% of samples had >25% distinction in serum focus between Theranos and QPS methodology. “It’s not excellent news” for Theranos, Sung stated.

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Erin Woo

Theranos entire blood information confirmed extra fluctuations, which Sung stated was undesirable.

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Erin Woo

Theranos additionally had greater variability. Authorities requested if that was good or dangerous. Sung chuckled and replied: “Dangerous.”

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Erin Woo

14.1% of Theranos samples didn’t have usable outcomes, in comparison with lower than 2% for QPS.

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Erin Woo

We are able to see a comparability between Theranos and QPS assays. Theranos solely used .25mL of blood in comparison with 2mL for QPS. Theranos additionally used entire blood relatively than serum, which Sung stated was “very good.”

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Erin Woo

7/20/10 e mail from Sung to Holmes saying they weren’t capable of validate Theranos’s checks. The outcomes had been “shut” in some instances however not ok.

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Erin Woo

She had visited Theranos and thinks she met Holmes whereas she was there. She noticed a Theranos system whereas she was there and stated it appeared like an oven. The concept you would do one thing so small and environment friendly on web site was a “nice thought,” she thought on the time.

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Erin Woo

Celgene entered into an association with Theranos. Her understanding was that Theranos was creating a platform to investigate the endpoints. She thought they might do it effectively with a really small quantity of blood, which might be a “enormous benefit.”

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Erin Woo

We’re beginning her testimony in 2009, when she labored on a drug referred to as ACE-011 being developed for therapy of anemia and bone loss. Her position was to counsel proteins within the blood to measure that might counsel whether or not the drug was working (e.g., hormones).

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Erin Woo

Dr. Sung bought a Ph.D at Georgetown after which did a postdoc at Stanford earlier than going into trade. She labored in numerous biotech companies, together with Celgene, which was later purchased by Bristol Myers Squibb. She’ll be testifying about her work at Celgene.

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Erin Woo

We’re again in session. The federal government is asking Dr. Victoria Sung. (Rosendorff will decide up on Friday.)

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Erin Woo

After an extended dialogue of an e mail chain about proficiency testing, Rosendorff is completed with testimony for right now. (He has a battle this afternoon.) We’re going to take a 20 minute break after which decide up with a unique witness for the remainder of the afternoon.

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Erin Woo

Now a doc from the American Proficiency Institute that offers “Acceptable” scores to the entire proficiency checks.

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Erin Woo

Trying now at an e mail from Rosendorff: “We’re frequently doing proficiency testing.” Rosendorff testifies to make clear that this was predicate testing.

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Erin Woo

After his 2016 testimony (within the binders!), Rosendorff says he nonetheless doesn’t keep in mind telling the federal government that. “I assume the file is appropriate,” he says.

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Erin Woo

We’re now again to the place we began yesterday, discussing Rosendorff’s contact with the federal government. Wade asks Rosendorff if he remembers telling the federal government that Theranos machines used different evaluation proficiency to measure accuracy. Rosendorff says no.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff beforehand testified there was no formal proficiency testing processes in place. After Wade challenges him, Rosendorff clarifies: There was proficiency testing for predicate testing (business checks), however not for Theranos checks

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Erin Woo

Taking a look at a high quality programs presentation for 2014 from Langly Gee, Theranos’s high quality management supervisor. Wade is displaying failure charges for Edison high quality management checks. “One thing’s not squaring up,” Rosendorff says — these failure charges are decrease than he thought they had been.

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Erin Woo

Wade is continuous on this line of questioning, noting that Rosendorff testified about issues in June 2014 however signed validation stories in Aug. and Sept. 2014.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff testifies that he wouldn’t have continued signing validation stories for Theranos’s blood testing system, the Edison, if he thought it was unreliable.

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Erin Woo

We’re again from break! And on to a different Edison validation report.

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Erin Woo

We’re going by means of a Sept. 2013 validation report on the Edison for TSH, a thyroid check. This doc, with Rosendorff’s signature, validates the check for affected person use. Wade is strolling Rosendorff web page by web page by means of the report.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff testifies that he by no means instructed the CLIA workforce to cease utilizing the Edison check altogether, however did on some particular checks.

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Erin Woo

Wade is now noting that Rosendorff was among the many highest-paid staff at Theranos. Rosendorff says that he thought he ought to have been paid extra, given Theranos’s issues, however that is stricken from the file.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff says he had issues about QC. Wade says he was paid to have issues. “That’s why you receives a commission the massive bucks.” Rosendorff replies: “Not as massive bucks as you receives a commission.” Cue the largest snigger of the trial to this point.

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Erin Woo

Wade is making some extent he’s made earlier than, that high quality management samples aren’t affected person samples — noting that “nothing dangerous occurs” to sufferers if a QC check fails.

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Erin Woo

We at the moment are on to a mid-Jan 2014 e mail from Rosendorff to the CLIA lab workforce asking them to discuss with very detailed quality-control insurance policies.

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Erin Woo

Balwani’s response: “I spoke with the groups right now and they’re all going to place in lengthy hours and do no matter it takes to get this completed tomorrow.” Rosendorff testifies: “I had many many battles with Sunny about what was wanted versus what he was ready to permit.”

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff added: “I do really feel that it was very troublesome to get solutions from Daniel’s workforce.” In a later e mail, Rosendorff doubles down on needing the specificity research: “No they’re required. Crucial in reality.”

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Erin Woo

From the e-mail chain. Balwani: “As we all know, we take these points with seriousness. Why didn’t you increase these earlier than to me once I was asking for any points for months?” Rosendorff: “My apologies for the late suggestions relating to our readiness …”

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Erin Woo

Notable frustration from Rosendorff after he tries to make some extent and Wade cuts him off: “I’m simply studying emails and saying, sure, that’s what’s occurring right here.”

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Erin Woo

We’re now onto dialogue of the Walgreens launch. In a 11/10/13 e mail to Balwani, Rosendorff flagged points that wanted to be addressed earlier than the Walgreens launch. Wade is strolling him by means of the e-mail chain with Balwani, level by level.

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Erin Woo

After many questions establishing that Rosendorff didn’t disguise Normandy lab from the inspectors, Wade notes that the inspection discovered “minor deficiencies.” Rosendorff says that Holmes and Balwani had been upset that there have been deficiencies and {that a} clear report would have been “preferrred.”

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Erin Woo

Wade is attempting to make the purpose that this was to protect commerce secrets and techniques. Rosendorff says this doesn’t make sense, asking who would pin commerce secrets and techniques to a bulletin board.

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Erin Woo

We’re trying once more on the e mail from Elizabeth Holmes about strolling the auditors by means of the lab. We’re now seeing the response: “The entire bulletin boards from the foyer to HR had been lined with paper so the inspector couldn’t view any of the drawings or objects on the boards.”

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Erin Woo

Wade is beginning by asking questions concerning the Dec. 2013 CA Dept. of Public Well being audit that we mentioned yesterday. Wade’s going by means of a doc itemizing preparations for the audit as he tries to ascertain that Rosendorff had duty right here.

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Erin Woo

Court docket is in session for one more day of the Elizabeth Holmes trial! We’re persevering with with the cross-examination of former Theranos lab director Adam Rosendorff, which protection legal professional Lance Wade expects to take all day.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff requested for a loo break, and we’re as an alternative ending for the day! Will decide again up at 9 a.m. Pacific Time tomorrow.

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Erin Woo

Vital content material: The custom-built laboratory data system was named Tremendous Mario. (Different enjoyable names: Jurassic Park = the lab with the entire commonplace machines, Normandy = the lab with Theranos machines.)

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Erin Woo

Cross examination has been a lot slower and calmer now that we’re again from break. Much less urgent Rosendorff to reply particular questions and extra jokes.

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Erin Woo

Wade is holding up a replica of the e book and speaking concerning the significance of its PR and advertising efforts, in addition to its secrecy.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff learn Walter Isaacson’s Steve Jobs biography and preferred the thrill of Silicon Valley, which helped lead him to Theranos. (That Steve Jobs biography was a favourite of Holmes’s, too.)

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Erin Woo

We’re again from break! And we’ve taken a giant step again in time — now trying on the resume Rosendorff despatched Theranos when he utilized in 2013.

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Erin Woo

We’re now going backwards and forwards on who was concerned within the R&D course of. Rosendorff says he was not conscious on the time if Holmes was concerned with R&D. Per the grasp validation plan, Rosendorff needed to log out on every assay earlier than it could go into validation.

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Erin Woo

We’re going by means of what checks had been supplied in the course of the family and friends launch. The one checks run by means of 9/28/13 had been two that didn’t run on the Edison, Rosendorff confirms. The primary Edison-based check, TSH, a measure of thyroid operate, was run 10/17/2013.

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Erin Woo

Wade additionally retains having Rosendorff learn his personal testimony, silently, to himself. That’s occurring once more now.

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Erin Woo

Within the e mail, Balwani writes, “We really feel assured we will deal with ~30 samples/day from this location at this level. And it has been 2 months since we have now been out in WAG [Walgreens]. It’s time to go dwell.” Wade now attempting to make the purpose that that they had not beforehand been dwell.

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Erin Woo

Discovered it! We at the moment are an 11/7/13 e mail from Balwani to Rosendorff about opening their Palo Alto/Uni Ave location to the general public on the approaching Monday. It had beforehand solely been open to buddies/household.

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Erin Woo

We at the moment are, as soon as once more, looking for the right pages within the MANY binders the protection gave Rosendorff.

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Erin Woo

Wade is now saying that Rosendorff testified earlier to a grand testimony that it was a “restricted family and friends” however didn’t accomplish that on Friday.

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Erin Woo

We at the moment are on to the business launch. In an e mail that we noticed in direct, Rose Edmonds (a growth scientist) says that not one of the assays are utterly through validation testing. Rosendorff had testified that is vital as a result of they had been only a week from launch.

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Erin Woo

Wade gave a hypothetical the place Rosendorff had rotten meals in his workplace, and subordinates complain to Balwani. Rosendorff continued to appear confused, and Wade is now transferring on.

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Erin Woo

We at the moment are … asking about firm hierarchy? (Rosendorff reported on to Balwani, and Younger was additionally above him.) “Are there ever circumstances the place it’s applicable for senior administration to have discussions a few subordinate?” Wade asks. Rosendorff appears confused.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff additionally served as Theranos’s medical advisor. Holmes wouldn’t qualify for this both.

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Erin Woo

Wade is asking about Holmes’s schooling. Famously, she dropped out of Stanford. “Primarily based in your understanding of her background, would she be certified to be a CLIA supervisor or lab director? Rosendorff: “No, undoubtedly not.”

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Erin Woo

Wade says, and Rosendorff concedes, that in the end it was Rosendorff’s duty if the checks failed and his duty to implement high quality management insurance policies and proficiency checks.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff is agreeing with Wade’s questioning that Holmes by no means instructed him to report an inaccurate consequence, and that Holmes by no means directed him to not pause or discontinue checks he thought had been inaccurate.

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Erin Woo

Wade: “Did you ever use a check on sufferers that you simply believed was inaccurate or unreliable?” Rosendorff: “No.” Did he ever present outcomes that he believed to be unreliable? “No.”

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Erin Woo

Wade: “Did you faithfully dispatch your authorized obligations as lab director at Theranos?” Rosendorff: “Sure, I did.” Wade: “Did you provide lab checks that you simply knew on the time had been inaccurate or unreliable?” Rosendorff: “No … I ordered the laboratory to stop testing.”

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Erin Woo

Two themes of cross to this point: Wade appears to be attempting to show that Rosendorff labored with the federal government in shaping his testimony, and is hammering house that Rosendorff was legally and ethically liable for the lab.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff confirms that he was aware of the rules. Wade is now asking a sequence of questions on Rosendorff’s obligations: “You’re required to…?” Rosendorff says these are his obligations, however “I obtained pushback from administration.”

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Erin Woo

Wade is now holding up a stack of papers (perhaps an inch thick?) and asking if Rosendorff knew all of these rules, presumably the stack of papers he’s holding. Davila, the decide: “You’re asking to confess everything of this doc? It’s what number of pages? 122?” It’s admitted.

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Erin Woo

We’re into Rosendorff’s time at Theranos! Wade requested him if being the CLIA lab director meant he was legally liable for what occurred within the lab, and Rosendorff stated sure.

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Erin Woo

Wade is continuous to attempt to decide aside the prosecution’s case, noting that they didn’t go in chronological order by means of the paperwork. He nonetheless hasn’t actually requested about Rosendorff’s precise experiences at Theranos.

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Erin Woo

Wade is arguing that Rosendorff’s testimony in direct doesn’t match what he testified in 2019. Earlier, he simply stated he wasn’t happy with administration’s response to proficiency testing. His testimony on Friday was extra detailed.

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Erin Woo

We’re now into questioning concerning the testimony itself. Wade is asking Rosendorff about his causes for leaving Theranos. Wade asks if Rosendorff mentioned that query/reply with the federal government. Rosendorff says sure.

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Erin Woo

Wade presses him on whether or not he instructed the federal government what he was going to testify.

Rosendorff says no.

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Erin Woo

Wade is now asking about how Rosendorff was ready to testify by the federal government. Rosendorff: “I used to be at all times instructed by the federal government to be truthful.” Wade requested: “Did they inform you to present that reply?” Rosendorff: “No.”

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Erin Woo

Wade goes by means of a listing of individuals and asking Rosendorff if he’s met every of them. His tone is way extra aggressive than with earlier witnesses.

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Erin Woo

We’re beginning with cross-examination. Lance Wade, Holmes’s lawyer, is beginning by grilling Rosendorff on what number of occasions he’s met with the federal government.

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Erin Woo

And, with that, his direct testimony has wrapped. We’ll decide up with cross-examination after a 30-min. break.

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Erin Woo

In the end, Rosendorff stated, he left after “countless conferences and conversations, very cautious examine of medical literature, late nights … nice efforts on my half to enhance the standard of testing at Theranos.”

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff testified about why he spoke with then-WSJ reporter John Carreyrou: stated he felt a “ethical and moral” obligation to alert the general public.

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Erin Woo

Bostic identified the road “We’ll execute this 12 months.” When did Theranos begin testing? he requested. Rosendorff responds: 2013.

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Erin Woo

Extra texts from Holmes/Balwani! Holmes: “This 12 months is our 12 months. We are able to always remember this tiger.” Balwani: “I do know, I’m targeted on it. We’ll execute this 12 months.” Holmes: “I do know. I’m targeted on it too. And for our children always remember who we’re.”

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Erin Woo

On Rosendorff’s final day, he says Balwani supplied a handshake, and he declined. Balwani gave him exit paperwork to signal. Balwani stated he could be ready to maintain him on, however Rosendorff stated it wasn’t well worth the danger to his popularity.

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Erin Woo

Holmes forwarded it to Balwani: “We have to reply to him now and reduce him Monday.” Rosendorff had already accepted a job provide at one other lab and was planning on leaving — interpreted this as them attempting to fireside him proper earlier than he left.

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Erin Woo

Nov. 2014 e mail to Rosendorff asking for a redraw. Rosendorff forwarded this to Holmes/Balwani, and Balwani stated the rep “jumped the gun” asking for a redraw. Adam forwarded this to Elizabeth: “I discover Sunny’s response offensive and disingenuous. He ought to apologize.”

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Erin Woo

Gov’t attempting to make the purpose that Holmes/Balwani are actively courting investments at the same time as Rosendorff raises issues about essential issues within the lab.

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Erin Woo

We’re now Nov. 2014 texts between Balwani and Holmes, speaking about investments from Alice Walton and Rupert Murdoch. Balwani: “They don’t seem to be investing in our firm, they’re investing in our future.”

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Erin Woo

“…how elementary it’s to all of us for you or every other worker by no means to do something you’re not utterly assured in.” Rosendorff says he disagrees with this, and we’ve seen emails displaying that he raised issues.

Erin Woo headshot

 

Erin Woo

Holmes’s response (pt. 1): “How unhappy and disappointing to see this from you. Outdoors of the actual fact you’ve by no means emailed me on any issues you allude to there earlier than however now e mail this, you realize from each dialog we’ve ever had collectively …”

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Erin Woo

Now Nov. 14 emails from Rosendorff. “I really feel actually uncomfortable with what is going on proper now on this firm. Is there any approach you may get Spencer again on the CLIA [Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments] license and take me off? I’m feeling pressured to vouch for outcomes that I can’t be assured in.”

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Erin Woo

Christian forwarded the e-mail to Elizabeth, writing: “His response to this was to do a vacutainer redraw & I ended the dialog at that time.” A vacutainer draw is a non-Theranos retest.

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Erin Woo

He continued: “Additional 100% honesty and transparency to the affected person is crucial. “My first responsibility is to not Theranos, however to the affected person as per my Hippocratic oath “primum non nocere.” “I by no means stated I wouldn’t speak to the MD.”

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Erin Woo

In an e mail to Christian, Rosendorff doubled down. “This isn’t a query of deciphering outcomes — it is a query of the reliability and accuracy of the consequence.” “Essentially the most constructive factor at this level is to supply dependable and sturdy assays, to not spin.”

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Erin Woo

Nov. e mail from Rosendorff concerning the affected person name to Christian: “Should you’re asking me to defend these values then the reply isn’t any.” He was refusing to defend the accuracy of the consequence, Rosendorff testifies.

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Erin Woo

Emails like this contributed to a “crescendo” of points, Rosendorff testifies, resulting in his resignation in Nov. 2014.

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Erin Woo

Taking a look at an e mail from a medical assistant involved that HDL and LDL (ldl cholesterol) readings are usually not including up. That raises issues concerning the accuracy of the check, Rosendorff testifies.

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Erin Woo

In a follow-up e mail from Holmes: “Kerry please delineate this based mostly on what we did with the NY inspector not too long ago and ship that out.” Nobody was allowed to enter or exit the Normandy lab in the course of the go to, Rosendorff stated. These instructions got here from Balwani.

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Erin Woo

1/26/13 e mail from Holmes concerning the upcoming audit from the California Dept. of Public Well being: “Let me know if the trail for strolling the auditors in and downstairs has been cemented so we keep away from areas that can not be accessed, and what that path is.”

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Erin Woo

Christian forwarded the message to Daniel Younger and cc’d Elizabeth. In a later e mail to Elizabeth and Daniel, Christian wrote that Rosendorff already accredited the redraw. “Want to debate messaging for my name with this doc, with regard to cause for the redraw,” Christian wrote.

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Erin Woo

Now an e mail to Christian Holmes to approve a redraw, regardless of his not having a place within the medical lab or a medical/science background. Rosendorff says he wasn’t conscious Christian was concerned in approving redraws.

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Erin Woo

Now onto discussing transparency. “I felt a battle between the messaging that the corporate needed me to offer … and my responsibility as a doctor” to precisely report outcomes when speaking with medical doctors, Rosendorff says.

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Erin Woo

In an e mail chain concerning the proficiency testing samples, Balwani wrote that Theranos’s validation has been “wonderful up to now” and that “it’s these PT samples which can be off.” Rosendorff testifies that he disagrees.

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Erin Woo

There was no formal proficiency testing course of at Theranos, Rosendorff says. He says he raised these issues at a mid-2014 assembly to folks together with Holmes, Theranos’s president, Ramesh Balwani, and the VP Daniel Younger. He felt like they gave “lip service” to this subject, and there was no progress made earlier than he left in November.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff’s response to conditions like this: “Each time we bought a doctor grievance, each time our QC would fail, each time we had a spate of anomalous outcomes, it raised nice issues to me concerning the accuracy of the testing course of.”

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Erin Woo

We’re an e mail from somebody who has been on coumadin, a blood thinner medicine, for 13 years. After switching to Theranos testing, her outcomes got here again low, and she or he elevated her dose consequently. “I’ve not felt ‘proper’ because the one elevated dose,” she wrote.

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Erin Woo

I’m again within the courtroom for one more day of the Elizabeth Holmes trial! We’re beginning with the top of former lab director Adam Rosendorff’s direct testimony.

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Erin Woo

With that, we’re going to interrupt for the weekend. I’ll be within the courthouse Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday subsequent week — see you on Tuesday!

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Erin Woo

For the previous hour, Rosendorff has testified about issues w numerous checks, incl. the potassium, chloride and sodium checks. In a ten/27/14 e mail, he wrote: “I’m not certain of the medical worth of a sodium assay, by which the one time we will report it’s when it’s not crucial”

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Erin Woo

We’re now moving into Rosendorff’s resolution to go away. He forwarded work emails with problems with concern to his Gmail account in 2014, testifying that “I needed to guard myself.” He additionally says he began in search of one other job in mid-2013, shortly after becoming a member of Theranos.

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Erin Woo

At this time’s theme appears to be a) Rosendorff was involved about defective checks, b) Rosendorff really helpful the corporate cease utilizing these checks and c) Holmes/Balwani had been conscious however declined to alter course.

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Erin Woo

We’re now on points with Theranos’s HDL (ldl cholesterol) checks. Rosendorff says he “suspected” Theranos’ HDL was now not working as of Feb. 2014 and prompt reverting to FDA-approved units, however obtained pushback from Balwani, Holmes and Theranos VP Daniel Younger.

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Erin Woo

We’ve now seen two e mail chains together with Holmes/Balwani about complaints/points that Rosendorff wasn’t included on. Rosendorff says he “completely” ought to have been included on the emails.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff is testifying about points with the hCG checks, which detect being pregnant. In June 2014, Christian Holmes wrote to Elizabeth: “Simply fyi-hCG proper now inflicting some critical points and affected person complaints.”

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Erin Woo

We’re evaluating Rosendorff’s time on the College of Pittsburgh to his time at Theranos. At Theranos, complaints about check outcomes had been “way more frequent,” and he “felt pressured to defend the corporate’s outcomes to physicians,” he stated.

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Erin Woo

Theranos units failed so continuously that it raised questions concerning the accuracy of the outcomes, Rosendorff testifies. Efficiency of Theranos assays was worse than non-Theranos analyzers.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff is now discussing high quality management. As we discovered in Cheung’s testimony, high quality management occurred as soon as a day, and machines could be recalibrated in the event that they failed. This was a frequent dialogue matter at Theranos, he testifies.

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff had a gathering w Holmes the place he expressed his issues. She was very nervous and was not her regular composed self, he stated: She was trembling, knee was shaking, she was very upset.

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Erin Woo

In an e mail to Holmes, Rosendorff wrote that “A number of extra weeks to kind by means of these medical and logistical points, and getting the correct stage of coaching and staffing would assist us tremendously.”nd staffing would assist us tremendously.”

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Erin Woo

An e mail from Rose Edmonds from 9 days earlier than the launch says “none of our assays are utterly by means of validation together with medical pattern testing with fingerstick.” Beneath CLIA regulation, the checks must be validated correctly earlier than they can be utilized for affected person care.

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Erin Woo

Main as much as Sept 2013 business launch, there was “numerous nervousness” concerning the appropriateness of utilizing modified checks for affected person care. The overall temper of the corporate was “very optimistic,” however some had been questioning why Theranos wasn’t utilizing its personal units.

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Erin Woo

The downstairs Theranos lab, which contained the Theranos Edison units, was referred to as Normandy, Rosendorff stated. Based on Rosendorff, Balwani referred to as the upstairs lab with standard units Jurassic Park: Balwani “believed the traditional units had been dinosaurs.”

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Erin Woo

Rosendorff beginning sturdy with why he give up Theranos, incl. unwillingness of administration to carry out proficiency testing and feeling pressured to vouch for checks he wasn’t assured in. Additionally: “The corporate was extra about PR and fundraising than affected person care.”

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Erin Woo

The federal government is asking former Theranos lab director Adam Rosendorff right now within the trial of Elizabeth Holmes. Per prosecutor John Bostic, this testimony is prone to take all day.

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Erin Griffith

Mattis is completed and now a prosecutor is studying textual content messages between Holmes and Balwani whereas a forensics man from PWC says “sure” and “appropriate.” I suppose that is how they should current this proof however it’s actually actually weird.

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Erin Griffith

On redirect: Why did Mattis initially assist Holmes after the WSJ expose after which change his thoughts? There have been too many surprises, he stated. “We had been unable to assist her on the basic points that she was grappling with if we solely noticed them within the rearview mirror.”

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Erin Griffith

We take a look at Mattis’ emailed response to Holmes after the WSJ article. “Be swift in response with unassailable fact,” he wrote. “I’ve full religion in our plan.”

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Erin Griffith

He additionally asks if Mattis knew Theranos was doing blood checks in a central lab.
Mattis: “I assumed the central Theranos lab was the Theranos machine.”

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Erin Griffith

In cross-exam, Holmes lawyer Kevin Downey requested Gen. Mattis about his {qualifications} to judge Theranos’s expertise and be a board director.

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Erin Griffith

Initially Mattis thought the issue was fixable — the corporate merely tousled its messaging and will come clear. Quickly after, he started to query whether or not or not the Edison machine labored. “There simply got here some extent once I didn’t know what to imagine about Theranos anymore.”

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Erin Griffith

After WSJ article, board members emailed Holmes concerning the allegations. Her response: Theranos was transitioning from working beneath one laboratory framework to a different. Mattis: “I used to be nonetheless confused.” At a minimal, “we had a popularity drawback right here and an integrity drawback.”

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Erin Griffith

Ominous. After Theranos discovered a few 2015 WSJ article by John Carreyrou that uncovered issues with Theranos’s expertise, there was a board assembly with a slide titled “Obligation of Loyalty.” We’re proven that slide, besides it’s comically redacted — all content material blacked out — and Mattis doesn’t keep in mind it.

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Erin Griffith

We see an e mail from Holmes instructing Mattis that, in an interview with Ken Auletta of The New Yorker, he can’t talk about “how our expertise works (i.e. that there’s a single system that does all checks)”

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Erin Griffith

Fortune printed an extended correction to that article, which I don’t keep in mind seeing from numerous different shops that wrote constructive tales. Parloff is listed as a witness and protection is trying to compel him to show over his notes.

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Erin Griffith

Assistant U.S. legal professional John Bostic pulls up Fortune’s 2014 cowl story about Theranos. Mattis spoke to the reporter, Roger Parloff, and stated Holmes gave him steering on what he may and couldn’t say.

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Erin Griffith

Nonetheless attempting to coach my mind to not hear “amino acid” each time they are saying “immunoassay”

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Erin Griffith

Theranos bought numerous mileage out of a 2013 WSJ article! We see an e mail the place Holmes sends Mattis the hyperlink, in addition to a slide of it in a Theranos board presentation

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Erin Griffith

We’re going by means of this board presentation, which has a slide claiming Theranos’s tech had been validated by 10 of the 15 largest pharmaceutical corporations, alongside logos of FDA & WHO and a quote from Johns Hopkins.

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Erin Griffith

What had been your sources for details about the corporate? Mattis: “Ms. Holmes.” “Was she the first supply?” “The only supply.”

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Erin Griffith

Mattis additionally invested $85k into Theranos, which he stated was a major sum “for somebody who had been in govt. service for 40 years.”

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Erin Griffith

Did you settle for Ms. Holmes’s invitation to affix Theranos’s board? “Sure I did, after asking why. I used to be not a medical particular person.” She stated she needed his mgmt. and organizational expertise.

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Erin Griffith

Mattis testified that he was not conscious of Theranos units ever getting used on battlefields, army helicopters, clandestine operations…

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Erin Griffith

Mattis testified that Holmes was “very aggressive” at wanting the army pilot program to get going. “She was very assured that if we bought it in there, it might show itself.” He knew it was a start-up, however famous that Holmes had been engaged on it for a decade by 2013.

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Erin Griffith

oy, one other e mail the place Mattis calls Holmes “younger Elizabeth.”

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Erin Griffith

Holmes was the one telling him concerning the Theranos system’s capabilities, he stated. “I used to be frankly amazed at what was doable.” However he added: “That didn’t take the place of getting the system show itself.”

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Erin Griffith

Mattis testified the scale of the Theranos system and its promised capabilities made it so enticing to potential army use. Accuracy and reliability had been crucial given the casualties, he stated. “The stakes are very excessive.”

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Erin Griffith

In a single e mail, Mattis instructed Holmes he desires to discover a pilot challenge to check Theranos machines alongside the military’s present programs to match. Mattis testified that he was very “taken” by the chances of utilizing a drop of blood for diagnostics.

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Erin Griffith

Mattis, a U.S. normal and former secretary of protection, was on Theranos’s board between 2013 and 2016.

We begin by 2011 emails between them after assembly. In a single, Mattis writes, “thanks on your be aware, younger Elizabeth, and I want you each success.”

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Erin Griffith

On the courthouse for US v. Holmes. James Mattis has taken the stand.

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Erin Griffith

Gould’s testimony lasted round quarter-hour – From behind a transparent masks, she bought emotional discussing her expertise discovering out by way of Theranos checks that, after three miscarriages, her fourth being pregnant was not viable. The completely satisfied ending is that it was. She had a child. Adjourned!

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Erin Griffith

Protection wraps up by mentioning that Zachman’s apply had many many check outcomes from Theranos past Ms. Gould that gave the impression to be high-quality. Decide Davila is raring to maintain going, despite the fact that we’re over on time right now. Brittany Gould takes the stand.

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Erin Griffith

Protection works to chip away on the testimony by implying that the Theranos check outcomes merely existed on a unique scale and may have been “rebaselined.” Additionally famous that Holmes’s brother Christian, who responded to Zachman’s grievance concerning the outcomes, apologized.

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Erin Griffith

Oh my, Theranos supplied Zachman a “corrected” model of the outcomes which merely eliminated a decimal level however the she says numbers nonetheless wouldn’t have made sense inside the context of a viable being pregnant or a lack of one.

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Erin Griffith

“This circumstance was very impactful to me because it stood out as such a crimson flag for the being pregnant.”

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Erin Griffith

Gould took 5 blood checks, 3 from a subsidiary of Quest Diagnostics and a couple of from Theranos. She went on a rollercoaster, with the Quest check displaying she was pregnant, the 2 Theranos checks displaying a miscarriage, and a couple of extra Quest checks displaying she was certainly nonetheless pregnant.

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Erin Griffith

Zachman describes the case of a affected person named Brittany Gould (sp?) who had had 3 miscarriages. She got here to see Gould after a constructive at-home being pregnant check “to ascertain that sure, she is pregnant and take a look at the well being of the being pregnant.”

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Erin Griffith

Zachman was on a committee that evaluated service suppliers and her apply adopted Theranos blood checks round 2014. Theranos even arrange a lab downstairs from one in every of her apply’s workplaces, which Zachman stated was “very thrilling.”

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Erin Griffith

New witness: Audra Zachman, a nurse practitioner at an OB-GYN apply.

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Erin Griffith

I’ve loved chatting with a few of the trial-heads and and followers of justice who’ve proven as much as watch (supplied they are not moles :). At this time I met a retired paralegal who says he was on the Patty Hearst trial!!

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Erin Griffith

Redirect up. US Lawyer Robert Leach reminds jurors that when Gangakhedkar resigned from Theranos, she had issues concerning the reliability of Theranos’s checks and mentioned them with Holmes.

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Erin Griffith

Extra dangerous boss/good boss content material: We see an e mail Gangakhedkar despatched to Balwani defending how laborious her workforce was working + an e mail she despatched to her workforce praising their lengthy hours. She then resigned from Theranos and Holmes tried to get her to remain, providing day without work.

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Erin Griffith

Protection beforehand confirmed that Holmes let Gangakhedkar go to India to see household, portray her as a sympathetic boss and Balwani because the aggressive one. “[Balwani’s] attempting to make you’re feeling responsible that you simply weren’t working?” “Sure” “You had been pissed off by that?” “Sure.”

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Erin Griffith

We’re nonetheless doing cross-examination of Gangakhedkar.

Wade exhibits an e mail from the previous Theranos president, Ramesh Balwani (who goes by Sunny), chastising the lab employees for not working as laborious as his software program workforce, portray him because the one pushing unrealistically for overwork.

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Erin Griffith

Zachman will now provide skilled testimony on deciphering HCG checks (a hormone used to determine being pregnant standing)

You count on HCG ranges to double each 48 hours or so in early being pregnant.

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Erin Griffith

Wade goes on a run of questions (peppered with “sure” responses by Gangakhedkar) arguing that the purpose of R&D is encountering points and setbacks and fixing them.

“In R&D generally it’s important to fail earlier than you’ll be able to succeed proper?”
“Sure.”

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Erin Griffith

We see an e mail the place Holmes requested Gangakhedkar for some testing information forward of a gathering with the DoD. Gangakhedkar emails that Vitamin D information is not prepared and Holmes writes asking for information on different checks. The purpose is, apparently, take a look at this instance of Holmes not doing fraud.

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Erin Griffith

The Protection technique re: Theranos lab issues appears to be: look, actual work was being completed; there have been processes in place that certain appeared rigorous; the very folks mentioning issues additionally signed off on all of it.

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Erin Griffith

To this point it’s principally a name and response, the place Wade describes work of Gangakhedkar + Theranos’s lab, and Gangakhedkar replies “sure.” “Had been you happy with that work?” “Sure.” “And others on the firm had been completely satisfied about that work as properly?” “I feel so.”

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Erin Griffith

Again within the San Jose courtroom right now for extra US v Holmes. Surekha Gangakhedkar, a scientist at Theranos, is again on the stand being cross-examined by Holmes’s lawyer Lance Wade.

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Erin Woo

With that, Decide Davila is ending Gangakhedkar’s testimony for the day and instructing jurors to not devour media content material concerning the trial, as at all times. The trial will resume on Tuesday — Erin Griffith shall be on the courthouse to convey you reside updates.

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Erin Woo

We at the moment are onto cross-examination. Holmes’s lawyer is questioning her about G.S.Ok.’s examine of Theranos’s assays, mentioning that the examine promoted her work. “The Theranos system eliminates the necessity for a lab and supplied high quality information,” the G.S.Ok. memo stated.

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Erin Woo

Regardless of having signed an N.D.A., Gangakhedkar printed out some paperwork and took them house when she left Theranos. “I used to be anxious that I’d be blamed,” she testified.

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Erin Woo

Three days after the e-mail from Balwani, Gangakhedkar despatched Holmes her resignation e mail. She testified that she was “very pressured and sad and anxious” with the planning of the Walgreens launch.

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Erin Woo

In an e mail from Balwani to Gangakhedkar, with Holmes copied, Balwani stated the software program workforce had been working till 3:07 a.m., however that the Edison blood-testing units Gangakhedkar’s workforce labored on had been “all sitting idle.” This was an instance of the stress they had been beneath, Gangakhedkar stated.

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Erin Woo

And, with that, Cheung has been dismissed. The federal government is asking Surekha Gangakhedkar now, a former Theranos workforce supervisor.

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Erin Woo

The federal government is now asking questions on a doc that claims, amongst different issues, that Theranos’s units “could be operated with minimal coaching” and that its outcomes have “precision and accuracy equal to conventional medical laboratory analyzers.” Neither is true, Cheung says.

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Erin Woo

Cheung stated they had been consistently having to recalibrate the machines, which made outcomes take 2-3 days relatively than the couple hours promised. “We had folks sleeping within the automobile as a result of it was taking too lengthy,” she stated.

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Erin Woo

Cheung simply stated she “turned involved a few month in” with the vitamin D samples, in November of 2013. She was involved concerning the efficiency of the checks and that they had been getting used on affected person samples.

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Erin Woo

Protection is completed with cross-examination, after displaying Cheung Theranos coverage paperwork she stated she’d by no means seen. The federal government is now asking questions once more for redirect.

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Erin Woo

Holmes’s lawyer is asking Cheung numerous questions on high quality management checks that occurred on the Theranos units. “There’s a recognition that some errors would occur and this was the coverage on how one can take care of these errors,” he stated.

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Erin Woo

Erika Cheung is now taking the stand as cross-examination continues.

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Erin Woo

The replace you’ve got all been ready for: The decide is STILL saying it ther-AH-nos.

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Erin Woo

Within the courthouse now for one more day of the Elizabeth Holmes trial. We’re anticipating to wrap up testimony right now from Erika Cheung, one of many key whistleblowers within the case.

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Erin Griffith

That’s it for right now.🩸💉⚖️

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Erin Griffith

To this point the theme of the cross-exam of Cheung appears to be utilizing excruciatingly arcane particulars concerning the processes and procedures of the Theranos lab to point out that its work was very difficult, involving a lot of sensible, pedigreed folks.

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Erin Griffith

Cheung testified that in conferences about high quality management failures, Theranos’s lab administrators ignored the obvious doable cause for the failures: “The Edison units didn’t work.”

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Erin Griffith

Trial gear alert: A reporter introduced their very own binoculars to see the displays on the TV screens.

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Erin Griffith

Erika Cheung is again on the stand.

She described Theranos’s apply of demoing blood checks for V.I.P.s, the place a few of the outcomes got here from Theranos machines and others from Siemens analyzers.

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Erin Griffith

At this level we have now heard legal professionals and witnesses pronounce “Theranos” lots of of occasions, making me begin to wonder if decide is attempting to mess with us by sticking to his “ther-AHHHHH-nos” pronunciation.

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Erin Griffith

I ought to be aware the lady who clapped and yelled “you’re a superb mother!” at Holmes yesterday immediately stormed out of the courtroom after Decide Davila warned everybody that yelling stuff like that in entrance of any jurors may trigger a mistrial. I don’t see her right here right now!

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Erin Griffith

Elizabeth Holmes’s entourage is down to simply her mother right now.

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